160,000 Children Miss School Daily b/c Bullying & Cyberbullying #bullying #cyberbullying #19days

1indexindexKnowing what is damaging can help end all kinds of bullying. The following terms can be useful preventing and identifying what is happening to more than 20% of adolescents ages 13-15.

 

Bullying  
A  person  is  being  bullied  when  he/she  is  exposed to  negative  actions  from  one  or  more  people repeatedly  over  a  period  of  time. Negative  action  is  when  a  person  intentionally  inflicts  injury  or  discomfort  upon  another  person,  through  physical  contact,  verbal  abuse  or  otherwise. This includes physical bullying(e.g.  pushing,  hitting,  tripping,  kicking,  taking  or  breaking  someone’s  things,  making  rude  gestures),  psychological  bullying (e.g.  spreading  false  rumors,  damaging  reputation,  excluding  or  embarrassing  someone) and  verbal  bullying (e.g.  calling  names verbal  harassment,  taunting,  threatening).
Cyberbullying is  any  aggressive,  intentional  act  carried  out  by  a  group  or  an  individual, using  electronic  forms  of  contact,  against  a  victim  who  cannot  easily  defend  him  or  herself.  Typically,  cyberbullying is  carried  out  repeatedly  and   over a   period   of  time,   and   is   characterized   by   an  imbalance   of   power. Examples   of   cyberbullying   include  spreading  rumors,  posting  false  information  or  damaging  messages,  comments  or  photos,  or  excluding  children  from  social  media  or  other  communication  networks.
It  can  be  done via  platforms  such  as email,  cell  phone  texting,  social  media  tools,  and  instant  messagingSexual  cyberbullying  involves  “the  use  of  sexually  loaded  terms  to  insult someone,  tease  someone  because  of  his  or  her  sexual  behavior,  make  threats  or  jokes  about  sexual  assault  or  rape,  spread  rumors  about  a  person’s  sexual  behavior  or  pressure  someone  to  engage  in  sexual  activities.  Sexual  cyberbullying  also  includes  the  distribution  of  sexually  explicit  photos  and  videos  taken  of  other  children  for  the  purposes  of shaming  or  causing  emotional  distress  to   the   victim.” Creating   and   sending   sexually   explicit   images   over   mobile   phones   (“sexting”) and   posting  inappropriate  photos  or  videos  online  have  been  cited  as  the  most  common  methods  of  sexual  cyberbullying.
Teasing  vs.  Bullying
Sometimes,  it  may  be  difficult  to  distinguish  playful  teasing  from  bullying.  Teasing  usually  involves  two  or  more  friends  who  act  together  in  a  way  that  seems  fun  to  all  the  people  involved.  Often  they  tease  each  other  equally,  but  it  never  involves  physical  or  emotional  abuse.
According  to  data  from  106  countries:
More  than  20%  of  adolescents  aged  13-­‐15  stated  they  have  experienced  bullying  at  least  once  in  the  past  couple  of  months  in  a  majority  of  the  countries  surveyed.
Girls  and  boys  aged  13-­‐15  are  equally  likely  to  report  being  bullied
Boys  are  more  likely  than  girls  to  bully  others  (although  these  results  can  also  suggest  that  girls  were  less  likely  to  confessto  bullying)
In  a  survey  of  teens  in Europe  and  North  America,  31%  indicated  that  they  had  bullied  others
It  is  estimated  that  160,00  children  miss  school  every  day  due  to  fear  of  attack  or  intimidation  by  other  students
79%  of  bullying  takes  place  at  school  and  is  perpetrated  mostly  by  peers  (84%  peers,  2%  teachers,  14%  others)
Among  130  countries,  47%  reported  they  had  implemented  bullying  prevention  programs
Several  sources  suggest  cyberbullying  does  not  stand  alone:  children  experiencing  cyberbullying  often  also  experience  bullying  by  traditional  means,  and  most  cases  of  cyberbullying  continue  or  originate  in  the  school  setting
Cyberbullying  is  particularly  harmful in  the  sense  that  it  allows  continuation  of  contact  with  the  victim  outside  of  school  in  the  safety  of  their  homes  and  at  all  times  of  the  day.

 

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