VOLUNTARY GUIDELINES – NATURAL & HUMAN-MADE DISASTERS
16.1 Food should never be used as a means of political and economic pressure.
16.2 States reaffirm the obligations they have assumed under international humanitarian law…..with respect to the humanitarian needs of the civilian population including in situations of armed conflict and occupation
Additional Protocol I provides, inter alia, that “the starvation of civilians as a method of warfare is prohibited” and that “it is prohibited to attack, destroy, remove or render useless objects indispensable to the survival of the civilian population, such as foodstuffs, agricultural areas for the production of foodstuffs, crops, lifestock, drinking water installations and supplies for irrigation works, for the specific purpose of denying them, for their sustanence value to the civilian population or to the adverse party, whatever the motive, whether to starve out civilians, to cause them to move away, or for any other motive”…..
16.3 In situations of occupation, international humanitarian law provides, inter alia: that to the fullest extent of the means available to it, the Occupying Power has the duty of ensuring the food and medical supplies of the population; that it should, in particular, bring in the necessary foodstuffs, medical stores and other articles if the resources of the Occupied Territory are inadequate….
16.5 States should make every effort to ensure that refugees and internally displaced persons have access at all times to adequate food. In this respect, States and other relevant stakeholders should be encouraged to make use of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement when dealing with situations of internal displacement.