A Mothers’ Day report:
Save the Children is publishing its 16th annual State of the World’s Mothers report with a special focus on our rapidly urbanizing world and the poorest mothers and children who must struggle to survive despite overall urban progress. Every day, 17,000 children die before reaching their fifth birthday. Increasingly, these preventable deaths are occurring in city slums, where overcrowding and poor sanitation exist alongside skyscrapers and shopping malls.
1. While great progress has been made in reducing urban under-5 mortality around the
world, inequality is worsening in too many cities.
2. The poorest children in almost every city face alarmingly high risks of death.
3. The poorest urban mothers and children are often deprived of lifesaving health care.
4. High child death rates in slums are rooted in disadvantage, deprivation and discrimination.
5. We know what works to save poor urban children.
6. Among capital cities in high-income countries, Washington, DC has the highest infant death risk and great inequality.
Lifesaving health care may be only a stone’s throw away, but the poorest mothers and children often cannot get the care they need.
This report presents the latest and most extensive analysis to date of health disparities between rich and poor in cities. It finds that in most developing countries, the poorest urban children are at least twice as likely to die as the richest urban children. In some countries, they are 3 to 5 – or even more – times as likely to die.
The annual Mothers’ Index uses the latest data on women’s health, children’s health, educational attainment, economic well-being and female political participation to rank 179 countries and show where mothers and children fare best and where they face the greatest hardships.